The Hypoxie Physiopathologie (HP2) laboratory of INSERM and the University of Grenoble Alpes has become in 15 years the French leader and one of the most recognized international groups in the field of hypoxia research (condition corresponding to a lower availability of oxygen, such as at altitude or in certain respiratory patients for example).

The work of this team has led to numerous high-level scientific publications and has a strong societal impact, with a significant impact in particular on the field of altitude and people travelling or residing there for long periods or even permanently.

Throughout the millennia, man has distinguished himself by his formidable ability to adapt to his environment and to the changes in the world in which he lives. Adaptation to the environment is one of the remarkable elements of human capacities and to contribute decisively to the development of habitat on the entire planet earth.

But while life in our Western societies may tend to be increasingly aseptic, protected from the hazards of our environment and limiting the demands and adaptations of the human organism (less physical activity, etc.), gigantic challenges such as climate change or the prospect of permanent human exploration and life beyond our planet Earth (lunar base, space mission to Mars) will most likely require rediscovering and further developing human capacities and limits for adaptation to new, sometimes extreme environments.

Life at high altitude is in this context a real field of knowledge development that will be an essential basis for addressing the scientific, medical and societal challenges of the future.
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